For a will to be legal, a person must be able to understand first and foremost what a will is, remember the nature and extent of their property, remember and acknowledge the relationship with living descendants and others who will be affected by the will. The ability to testify comes into play when an impaired person appears in court to testify. The court can decide if the person cannot testify. A person`s ability to sign a contract is to understand what a contract is and what its consequences are. To give proper consent, a person must have the mental capacity to enter into a contract, understand the transaction, act voluntarily – without threat or violence. With respect to divorce and custody, spouses of the mentally ill may apply to a psychiatrist for evidence regarding divorce in order to challenge the competence of mentally ill parents to care for their children. A need for guardianship is necessary when fundamental civil rights are eliminated, when we lose their function in several areas – making very bad decisions and not having an idea of the shortcomings, when there is no expectation of recovery, when they have clear and convincing evidence beyond a reasonable doubt when it is considered a last resort. Fake insanity Fake insanity is the simulation of mental illness to avoid or reduce the consequences of a confrontation or conviction for an alleged crime. Simulation is the medical term for feigned insanity, which refers to the invention or exaggeration of symptoms of mental or physical disorders for a variety of “secondary gain” grounds that may include financial compensation (often associated with fraud); avoid school, work or military service; the purchase of medicines; lighter sentences; or simply to attract attention or sympathy.
Sedky, Mohammed. (2017). Forensic Approach to Psychiatric Patients. www.slideshare.net/mohamedsedky39/medico-legal-approach-of-the-psychiatric-patient. The Mental Health Act explicitly addresses the rights of patients with mental illness and sets out the ethical and legal responsibilities of mental health professionals and government. The rights of people with mental illness are just like the fundamental rights of human beings. They need to be clearly discussed, as they belong to groups that are vulnerable from an assessment, treatment and research perspective. These rights are interpreted in the ethics of psychiatric care, which refers to respect for autonomy, the principle of non-malevolence, charity and justice, informed consent, respect for boundaries, confidentiality, etc.
Sharma, Dr. Loveleen. (2013). MEDICO-LEGAL ASPECTS OF HEALTH CARE. www.slideshare.net/loveleenS/medicolegal-aspects-of-healthcare. The moral principles that guide medical practice are charity and non-evil, autonomy, justice, the value and sanctity of human life, truth and integrity. In order to regulate the operation of hospitals on the basis that their implementation will eliminate gaps and grievances, laws on various aspects of health care have been enacted from time to time. Each hospital administrator must be aware of his or her legal rights and obligations towards hospital staff, staff, patients and visitors. You need to have enough knowledge of hospital care to know when to seek professional legal advice.
Forensic experts should have basic knowledge regarding injuries/accidents, negligence related to civil and criminal cases, misconduct, professional incompetence, ethical issues in human experiences, organ transplants, sex determination and genetic counseling, euthanasia, ethical issues related to sexually transmitted diseases, etc. Medical legal experts should be aware of laws such as; Medical Abortion Act, Preconception and Prenatal Diagnostic Techniques Act, Registration of Births and Deaths, Medical Council of India Act, Organ Transplantation Act, Mumbai Nursing Homes Registration Act, Clinical Facilities Act, Labour and Medical Facilities Act, Enterprises and Facilities Act, Biomedical Waste Management Act, Consumer Protection Act, Indian Penal Code. A forensic case is defined as a case of injury or illness in which an investigation by law enforcement authorities is essential to establish and establish responsibility for the case under the law of the land. It is simply explained as a medical case with legal implications or as a legal case that requires medical expertise. The physician responsible for causation who supervises the case, the physician who has the first contact with the patient, must prepare a medico-legal report. In rape cases, the rape victim is examined and the doctor prepares the MLC. General practitioners may also prepare the report in cases where they feel that the case report has not been prepared. The patient or his/her respective relatives, who mark an MLC case or not, have no influence on the doctor`s decision. We have to be anxious but careful when we evaluate and deal with them, and we have to be aware of the legal aspect, which ultimately comes down to the ethical aspects. It is crucial that the fear of being accused of “violating rights” does not prevent us from providing robust and ethical psychiatric care in the best interests of PWMI, addressing the concerns of caregivers, especially parents who bear the burden of a patient`s illness. All medical ethical approaches are empirical, legal, sociological, theological or philosophical. Everything should be aimed at being useful in practice.
The value of good medical ethics is to inform and guide those directly involved in moral issues in medicine and health care. This means that good medical ethics are clinically relevant. Medical ethics must not become archaic unworkable laws, but scientifically sound and enforceable ethical guidelines, and they must always be updated. Guttmacher, Manfred S. (1941). Forensic aspects of mental illness. Wetlands are ecoclay with rich soil for aquatic and terrestrial flora and fauna. Wetlands are seen as a natural ecosystem solution to extreme climate change. Climate resilience is considered one of the most important regulatory services of wetlands. It is the unique ecosystems that provide unique services to humanity.
Water and its quality are the main factors regulating the wetland environment. Unfortunately, wetlands, like any other ecosystem, are threatened by population growth and pollution. One of these factors responsible for the deterioration is the effects of climate change. Climate change due to the increase in greenhouse gases, especially carbon dioxide, has also affected the functioning of wetlands.